Connecting past practices with a futuristic feed focus: China - A challenging environment for feed producers
by Roger Gilbert, Publisher, Milling and Grain
What has a hospital, school, vineyard and hotel gotten in common? They form part of a privately-owned business that has 24 separate activities including a 300,000-tonnes-year feedmill called the Dawu Project located just north of Beijing at Baoding in Hebei Province.
This is China where everything is done differently. This multifaceted business with a feed focus, for example, is managed by a woman, Ms Li Sixu.
The factory itself is new, being commissioned in February 2018 but coming online fully some three months late. It has recently completed its first full year of production from five production lines, with two for ruminants and three for pigs.
The capacity of the pelletmill for pig feeds is 12-tonnes-per-hour-per-line with the 4.0mm die holes; compression ratio is 1: 6. The capacity of the pellet mill for ruminant feed is nine-tonnes-per-hour-per-line with the 4.0mm die hole; compression ratio is 1: 9.
A key feature of this mill is the external silo structure for raw materials to complement traditional bag handling and flat storage facilities. The project has four intake points and eight large silos for macro raw material storage; four silos for corn and DDGS and four silos for soybeans and soybean meal. Each soybean meal silo holds up to 250 tonnes and corn silo 1500 tonnes each.
The new factory relies on just six operators per shift. It has four two-tonne batch mixers for its five pig and dairy lines. Compete feeds are stored in the 24 five-six tonne internal bins with an additional seven small bins.
Two grinders process all the raw materials using 90kW and 110kW hammer mills running three and two mm screens with a top throughput of 18-tonnes-per-hour.Two pellet mills,running at 10-12 tonnes per hour, are supported by two 15-tonne-per-hour coolers.
The mill has a total capacity of 1000 tonnes-per-day and 300,000 tonnes per year.
The future for milk products
The dairy feed production lines are newly installed and started out producing 100-tonnes-per-day, which is expected to rise rapidly due to there being a new dairy factory nearby which is encouraging greater dairy production to meet a growing demand from consumers.
All our dairy feeds are of sale and they are becoming more popular as milk consumption in the area increases, says mill managers Mr Kong and Mr Qi.
The old factory, which is being replaced, is producing 400-tonnes-per-day of poultry feeds, while the new one is already producing 1000-tonnes-per-day based on pig feeds and dairy feeds alone. There is also an extruder for providing small piglet feeds.
Dust collection keeps the whole factory clean and tidy.While raw materials arrive in both bulk and bags - but mostly in bulk for corn and soybeans - all outgoing feed is in 40kg bags with bags being for one-time use and the bagging lines supported by robotic arms for palletising.
'Production is increasing each month and the potential for feed is clear,' adds Mr Qi.